Meeting the global challenge of HIV/AIDS and TB
What will it take to turn the tide in the global response to HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis?
PATH mobilizes local communities, diverse public and private partnerships, and more than 1,200 employees in more than 20 countries to give people better access to effective HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB) prevention, diagnosis, care, and treatment. Together, we’re developing and implementing innovative, sustainable approaches to tackle these complex— and intertwined—epidemics.
We draw on more than 35 years of experience in collaborative program development, research, and monitoring and evaluation to ensure that we implement programs that are evidence-based, driven by the real needs of the individuals, families, and communities, and have a measurable impact on their health. And we apply our expertise in social and operations research to help build the evidence base that allows us, our donors, and the countries we work in to make smart investments. This evidence base also drives innovation—to develop even better tools to address the complex determinants and consequences of HIV/AIDS.
PATH’s multifaceted approach addresses the broad spectrum of clinical, social, and structural issues that fuel these diseases in communities worldwide. This includes a continued focus on strengthening local and national health systems and helping our local partners take the lead in designing, implementing, and evaluating successful interventions. Our work includes four broad focus areas:
- Integrating HIV with other health issues. Because HIV and TB are often linked with other diseases and health issues, PATH ensures integrated care for people living with these interrelated conditions. We also work to ensure that insights and lessons learned in confronting one disease are used to improve care and treatment for others. This approach improves diagnosis and treatment, links people with vital services, ensures the cost-effective use of limited resources, and promotes smart investments across multiple sectors.
- Innovative health technologies and approaches. New screening tools, diagnostics, drugs, and approaches can all help health care workers reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS, TB, and related diseases in low-resource settings. PATH partners with local communities, national governments, the private sector, and academic institutions to develop, adapt, and introduce appropriate tools—from improved HIV diagnostics to better screening methods for TB and diabetes—where they are needed most. We also provide technical assistance in areas like operations research to help countries decide which technologies to introduce, when, and how.
- Strategic communication and community mobilization. Community-based, user-driven approaches are key to sustainable public health solutions. PATH’s work recognizes this critical need—and, for example, that a population’s risk of acquiring HIV/AIDS, the care they receive, and the outcomes of that care are affected by cultural attitudes, norms, and beliefs. We engage and mobilize communities to promote and sustain healthy behaviors like HIV testing and treatment adherence, and to help combat stigma, gender inequality, and other norms that contribute to HIV and TB. Our expertise in addressing the needs of women and girls also importantly includes engaging men.
- Strengthening local capacity for service delivery and research. In all of our efforts, PATH recognizes that building the capacity of our local partners is crucial for sustainable health systems and effective health solutions. Our longstanding collaborations with public- and private-sector partners help us support governments, individuals, and communities to develop effective and innovative health interventions, evaluate their results, and create a strong foundation for continued growth.
Browse the links at right to learn more about our featured projects, and how they address these focus areas.
All photos: PATH.