The Maternal and Child Health and Nutrition program at PATH works in a broad range of areas to improve the health of families in developing countries. Learn more about our projects:
- Nutrition Projects
- Health System Strengthening Projects
- Maternal and Newborn Health Projects
- Integrated Projects
- Past Projects
Community Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV Project in Ethiopia
In Ethiopia, PATH is supporting USAID’s five-year project aiming to increase use of services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV through community-based, integrated approaches. As a partner to IntraHealth International, PATH leads the project’s maternal, infant, and young child nutrition activities.
Based on the success of formative research conducted in 2009 and with funding from the National Institute of Health (NIH), PATH is conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the impact of a “feeding buddy” approach on infant feeding practices in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Each HIV-positive pregnant woman in the study will identify an individual to be her buddy, who will support her in overcoming sociocultural challenges to exclusive breastfeeding. This study will provide an opportunity to evaluate the impact the buddy has on overcoming issues that women experience as barriers to accessing and adhering to prevention of mother-to-child transmission programs. The study will be conducted in partnership with the provincial Department of Health and will be implemented within the context of PATH’s Window of Opportunity project.
Human Milk Banking
With funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and through partnership with the University of Washington and the Human Milk Banking Association of South Africa, PATH is working to promote human milk banking to improve nutrition for infants who are especially vulnerable, such as those in resource-limited settings who are pre-term, low-birthweight, severely malnourished, born to HIV-positive mothers, or orphaned. Learn more.
Maximizing the Quality of Scaling up Nutrition
PATH leads the Maximizing the Quality of Scaling up Nutrition project, funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development. The project aims to identify and support the scale-up of proven nutrition programs, with a focus on maximizing their quality and impact. Working together with a consortium of project partners, PATH provides technical expertise on the design and implementation of nutrition programs, drawing on the best available evidence. Learn more.
Nutrition Embedding Evaluation Program
The Nutrition Embedding Evaluation Program (NEEP), funded by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, aims to generate evidence on how to effectively tackle maternal and child undernutrition, with a focus on value-for-money. To achieve this objective, PATH provides two types of grants to civil society organizations implementing nutrition-related programs. NEEP provides technical assistance and consults a technical advisory group of international experts to build DFID and partner organizations’ ability to identify and measure the results of their investments in nutrition-related interventions and disseminate evidence of best practice for impact. Technical assistance would include oversight by NEEP to ensure that grantees have established links with academic expertise in the field of nutrition-related monitoring and evaluation.
Ultra Rice® fortification technology
PATH’s Ultra Rice® technology packs vitamins and minerals into extruded rice grains made from rice flour. More than 30 studies to date show that regular consumption of rice that is fortified using the Ultra Rice® technology can help to bridge micronutrient deficiencies and prevent malnutrition in rice-consuming regions. The Ultra Rice® project is continuing its focus on expanding its evidence base, developing markets, and broadening market introduction. Learn more.
Zambia Nutrition, Assessment, Counseling and Support Project
PATH leads the USAID funded Zambia Nutrition, Assessment, Counseling and Support Project (ZAMNACS), with three partners: FHI 360, Overseas Strategic Consulting, and TechnoServe. In Zambia, the partners are working together to facilitate the provision of nutrition assessment, counseling and support for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) as well as orphans and vulnerable children; build the capacity of clinical staff and community health workers; and provide specialized food commodities support for malnourished PLHIV.
Cooperative Biological Engagement Program
PATH is a subcontractor of CH2M HILL on a Cooperative Biological Engagement Program in Tanzania. The main objectives of Phase 1 (2012-2014) of the program are to assess the Tanzania disease surveillance system and develop a Concept of Operations to strengthen the system to promptly detect, verify, and report especially dangerous pathogen outbreaks, so that the government of Tanzania and its partners can respond and control them. PATH supports the project team in all aspects of the assessment of the Tanzania disease surveillance, detection, diagnosis, and reporting system for human health, including identification and assessment of respective regulatory frameworks, laboratory surveys, assessment of the clinical health care system, and development of system improvement recommendations.
MEASURE DHS (demographic and health surveys), Phase III
PATH is helping to collect, analyze, package, and present data on population, health and nutrition in developing countries for policymakers, program managers, and researchers to use in planning, managing, monitoring, and evaluating programs and making policy decisions affecting nutrition, maternal and child health, HIV/AIDS, malaria, family planning, and reproductive health programs. Working with ICF Macro under its USAID contract, PATH leads biomarker research and nutrition analysis for the project. PATH’s biomarker work—including identifying physical, biological, or chemical data that indicate health status—has resulted in critical measuring tools for the project. PATH also assesses the provision of health services to plan future investments in health service infrastructure and health systems. Learn more.
Digital Public Health
PATH, in collaboration with Digital Green, the University of Washington, PATH’s Sure Start project and the community partner Gramin Vikas Sansthan, is exploring a community-led digital public health methodology for low-tech, simple educational videos, as a way for local health workers in low-resource settings to deliver community-led, culturally appropriate videos to patients during household visits and community gatherings. This project will compare differences in uptake of key maternal and child health practices between individuals in intervention villages where the digital public health approach is implemented in addition to routine maternal and child health community-based support and individuals in comparison villages where only routine maternal and child health community-based support is provided. Learn more.
Dual Testing for the Elimination of Congenital Syphilis
PATH is carrying out an investment case study for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to inform future donor investment to improve detection and management of congenital syphilis in low-resource settings. This project will work on four objectives: (1) strengthen the current knowledge base and estimation of the burden of disease in India, Nigeria, and Zambia; (2) analyze previous attempts to eliminate congenital syphilis and use the lessons to improve the enabling environment to support elimination of congenital syphilis; (3) analyze the country-level readiness and develop scenarios, including costs around testing and treatment for congenital syphilis in three focus countries; (4) explore the potential to advance diagnostic technologies for maternal infections and develop recommendations for future investment.
Malaria in Pregnancy
The Malaria in Pregnancy project is funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation in support of the collaboration between PATH, WHO, the Malaria in Pregnancy Working Group of the Roll Back Malaria partnership, and the ministries of health of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda. The project aims to reduce adverse outcomes due to malaria in pregnancy by increasing intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and insecticide treated bed-net uptake in selected countries in East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda).
The Oxytocin Initiative
The Oxytocin Initiative’s target countries, Ghana and India, have large populations and high rates of postpartum hemorrhage and maternal mortality. The initiative’s goal is to improve maternal health and survival in Ghana and India through the safe use of the drug oxytocin, a key component of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL). With funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, we are working to increase evidence needed to maximize safe use of oxytocin and other uterotonics, add to the knowledge base and define factors leading to misuse of oxytocin and other uterotonics, and improve available evidence on how to maximize safe use and minimize misuse of oxytocin.
Integrating Early Childhood Development Project
PATH’s Integrating Early Childhood Development Project is a two-year initiative funded by the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation. The project works with existing PATH programs in Mozambique and Kenya to integrate and strengthen early childhood development services in communities and facilities and promote multi-sectoral linkages and collaboration. Learn more.
Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP)
Funded by USAID, the Jhpiego-led MCHIP aims to reduce maternal, newborn, and child mortality in the 45 USAID countries that have the highest disease burden. The project’s partners, including PATH, are working together to implement and bring to scale high-impact interventions, based on the country context and using global and local data. PATH leads MCHIP’s nutrition and health technology programs and supports improved newborn and maternal care in Latin America. Learn more.
PATH is implementing the Window of Opportunity project with support from BHP Billiton Sustainable Communities. The five-year initiative aims to improve the health and development of children under two years of age in several districts in South Africa and Mozambique. The project will improve critical services that directly reach 750,000 people in the target areas.
PATH’s Sure Start project aims to reduce newborn and maternal morbidity and mortality in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. With funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, we are working with partners to improve home-based support for newborns and mothers by involving the community, empowering individuals, and enhancing systems and institutional capabilities for sustaining change. Learn more.
Infant & Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) Project
From 2006 to 2012 PATH led the US Agency for International Development’s IYCN Project. The project focused on proven interventions to improve nutrition during the first 1,000 days of life, from pregnancy through 23 months of age. The project also promoted good nutrition among mothers. IYCN assisted countries in developing tailored, effective nutrition interventions and provided global leadership to identify and share practices that strengthen nutrition programs. Learn more.
This project, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, integrated results from global evidence and country-level research to identify opportunities, barriers, and gaps in knowledge around promising diagnostics that support control of maternal and perinatal infections. Between 2009 and 2011 we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the literature around the pathogen and diagnostic landscape and carried out primary research around acceptability of diagnostic technologies by providers and communities in two high-burden countries, Bangladesh and Uganda.
Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative (POPPHI)
From 2004 to 2009 PATH implemented USAID’s Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative with partners RTI International and EngenderHealth. POPPHI’s mandate was to expand the use of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL). Together, the three organizations provided USAID with technical and managerial support for its special initiative to reduce postpartum hemorrhage, which is a broader effort to strengthen health care professionals’ use of AMTSL, improve services and access to services at facilities and in communities, and make uterotonic drugs and devices available and affordable to the countries that need them most. Learn more.